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1 Samuel 16:13

“Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brethren and the spirit of Yehovah came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up and went to Ramah.”

One afternoon, a member of his family came running out of the house unto the pasture where the sheep were herded and said to young David, ‘Father wants to see you in the house right now’. The youngest of the seven brothers of Jesse was assigned the duties of tending over the flock but in a moment all that would change. David was not preparing himself for a career or looking into advancement opportunities, he was quietly attending to the station in life he was given by his father. Within a very short time, Samuel the prophet of Yehovah, would be pouring oil upon the head of this handsome ruddy youth, in the presence of his family, telling them that Yehovah God had anointed this youngster King over Israel.

This was indeed a very strange event in the life of this young man but it was only the beginning. Soon he would be summoned to the court of the king to play an instrument which he learned how to play while tending sheep, because an evil spirit came upon King Saul. His father would receive an edict from the King asking for David to remain in the palace so that he could pluck the strings and make the spirit of Saul rest. The King made David his armour bearer and yet when the nation went to war, David “returned from Saul to feed his father’s sheep at Beth-lehem”. Jesse sent him to enquire about his brothers and soon he was standing before the army of Israel as they cowered before Goliath, the champion of the Philistines (immigrants or sojourners), asking, “What shall be done to the man that kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel, for who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the living God?” (17:26). This would be followed by a stone, hurled from his sling, burying deep into the head of this giant and David taking the sword of this warrior and cutting his head off. The men of Israel routed the army of the Philistines that day and praise was given to David for his gallantry and might.

King Saul (the desire of the people) was at first impressed with the ‘stripling’ (young and concealed). He sought to award him for his bravery but after the soul of his eldest son was manifested to have been knit together as one and the people gave more praise to David than to the King, he turned his eyes toward him for “an evil spirit from God came upon Saul” (18:10). This time when David played the harp, like before, Saul cast a javelin at him but “David avoided out of his presence”.

The King was afraid of this man whom he made captain of his armies, because the Spirit of Yehovah was upon him and he behaved himself wisely. He strove to kill him because he knew that the Lord had chosen him. He devised a plan that would make David part of his family as he would give him his eldest daughter to wed, “but it came to pass at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should be given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife. Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved David and they told Saul and the thing pleased him” but he thought to kill him in the deed. David proved himself as the Spirit of Yehovah made him valiant as he killed two hundred Philistines and brought their foreskins to the King, “that he might be the King’s son-in-law, and Saul gave Him Michal his daughter to wife” (18:27).

“And David fled from Naioth in Ramah and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done and what is mine iniquity and what is my skin before your father that he seeks my life?” (I Sam. 20:1)

Saul, the King and father-in-law of the anointed King of Israel, continued to make plans as he solicited the help of his son, Jonathan and his servants to kill David. After a number of near misses with the javelin from the hand of Saul and being warned of Jonathan not to go near the King, David and his wife concocted a story to deceive Saul and free David. This only enrages the anger of the King as David flees to find Samuel for guidance and assistance.

David knew what God’s will was for his life. He knew that in the presence of his family, this prophet of Yehovah had anointed him king but there were no tangible proofs to be seen. David was fearful of man and continued to seek the higher places, so he journeyed to Naioth in Ramah (the habitation of the high place). Here God again revealed His mighty hand as the Spirit of Yehovah came upon King Saul who “stripped off his clothes also and prophesied before Samuel in like manner and lay down naked all that day and all the night” (19:24). This amazing display of the power of a sovereign God over all His creatures was still insufficient to sway the mind and heart of David to ‘walk by faith’ as the world would assay that he should do.

In the theology of Adam, walking by faith is an active practice whereby a conscience effort is made to walk contrary to the nature of man and rise above the plateau of normal existence into the ideal plane of perfection and tranquility. This is not the testimony of Jesus Christ as he bears witness that Adam shall always dwell in the earthly plane of existence and never arise above his station in life; “That which is born of the flesh is flesh and that which is born of the Spirit is Spirit” (John 3:6). Walking by faith is the manner in which all who are born of the Spirit walk while they are partakers of flesh and blood. It is not a duty to be exhorted upon the poor sinner who is constantly reminded that Adam does not have faith and all he does in the flesh falls short of the glory of God.

“Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest and Ahimelech was afraid to meet David and said unto him, ‘Why are you alone and no man with you?’” (I Sam. 21:1).

King Saul makes his intentions perfectly clear to all as in the third day of David’s absence from the King’s table and the persistent excuses from Jonathan, Saul curses his son and said unto him; “You son of a perverse rebellious woman, do you think I do not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own confusion and unto the confusion of your mother’s nakedness? For as long as the son of Jesse lives upon the ground you shall not be established nor your kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me for he shall surely die” (20:30f). Jonathan warns David of the danger and after a brief archery demonstration and the renewing of the vows between David and Jonathan, David flees again.

Once again David resorts to a ‘high and fruitful place’ (Nob) where he elicits the assistance of “my brother is King” the priest (Abiathar). Here in the sanctuary of a venerated place, David begins to lie about his situation rather than speak clearly to the servant of Yehovah. He does not name the blessings of God and claim them for his own, he does not ‘take dominion over the weakness of the flesh’ and ‘find victory over sin’ and he does not ‘stand upon the promises’. He demonstrates the basic human trait of self-preservation at all costs.

At first the priest is afraid of him because he is not traveling in the grandeur of his greatness, but David assures him that the King spoke a command and he obeyed. Then he solicits the consecrated bread for the five men that were with him and lies to Abiathar by saying that, just because they had been chaste for three days, that they were holy men. If indeed they were holy then they would have known and respected the manner of the show-bread and honoured that fact that it was for the priests only; yet they took and did eat. Then David looks for carnal weapons to fight his battle. He takes the sword that he had used to cut off the head of the ‘uncircumcised Philistine’ under the pretense that the King’s business was so urgent that he did not have time to arm himself. He then has the audacity to praise the sword by saying; “There is one like that, give it to me” (21:9).

David praised the inanimate object rather than the God who fought for Israel. He defiled the sanctuary by the lusts of the flesh and he revealed himself before the “anxious son of Adam” (Doeg the Edomite) who would eventually slay Abiathar and eighty-four others for Saul and his vengeance. And David fled again.

“And David arose and fled that day for fear of Saul and went to Achish the king of Gath” (21:10).

David sought the assistance and sanctuary of another man (Achish) who was the ruler over the ‘winepress’ (Gath). This was the same ruler who had delivered up the ‘splendid’ giant champion who cursed the God of Israel and whom David slew. This was the very sword which was now sheathed upon David’s thigh. David fled because he was, after the nature Adam, afraid of the desire of the people. He was pursued by a raving mad man with whom God had made an open demonstration would not remain as King. The people followed their King but continued to praise David for his deeds. This fame followed David to this new place of refuge as the servants of Achish were alarmed and said; “Is not this David the king of the land”. Even they knew that he was the ruler of the people yet David could not see the magnificent display of the power of God and so he presents an antic disposition before these who despise Yehovah God.

These men recognized David and knew that he was a danger to them yet Yehovah God blinded the eyes of their king. He was convinced, by the will of God, that this was just another mad man and instead of killing this menaces and ridding himself of his inveterate foe, he orders him released; “Have I need of mad men that you have brought this fellow to play the mad man in my presence and shall this fellow come into my house?” (21:15).

Yehovah God delivers David from certain death and causes him to continue to flee.

“David therefore departed thence and escaped to the cave of Adulam and when all his brethren and his father’s house heard, they went down thither to him” (22:1).

David was not yet finished seeking the higher ground. He barely escaped the dangerous situation in Gath and his path leads him to “the den of the justice of the people” (cave of Adulam). Here all the downtrodden, indentured, oppressed people under the domain of “desire” (Saul) and those of a bitter soul (discontented) were gathered together unto him and he became a ‘captain over them’. The individual paths of these people had brought them to the intersection of the path of David were the desires and labours of the people were too great a burden to bare and the government of desire was bitterness to their souls.

David stands as a type of Messiah who himself stated; “Come unto Me, all that labour and are heavy laden and I will give you rest. Take My yoke upon you and learn of Me for I am meek and lowly in heart and you shall find rest unto your souls, for My yoke is easy and My burden light” (Matt. 11:28). All unto whom the Spirit has revealed the bondage of the corruption of the flesh seek to be delivered from this burden. They find that the desires of the flesh are not a relief but an anguish to their souls “for to will is present with me but how to perform that which is Good I find not; for the good that I would I do not, but the evil which I would not that I do” (Rms. 7:19). These are they who flee unto the Beloved for protection and rest for He is the justice of His people.

But David also is a fine example of the nature of Adam. He seeks to win the hearts of the people through justice. Although he does not put out a call to all who seek relief from the tyranny of oppression yet he resorts to the den of justice and the people resort to him. No amount of labours of good intentions can facilitate the will of God. He has ordained a specific path to bring His chosen to the precise time and under the perfect conditions to demonstrate His great love and power. Every step of the way is the Will of God but this is in no wise and excuse or a condoning for the weakness and wickedness of the mind and will of Adam as demonstrated by David.

Now David is four hundred strong. A number which is in no wise formidable before the armies of Saul, yet the heart of the King has been turned to follow after the passions of the flesh, to seek out and destroy this threat to his throne, his family and himself. The palace in Jerusalem is empty as the affairs of state have been isolated to national defense. David, son of Jesse and anointed King of Israel was being hunted down through alliances with the people of the land and the resources of the kingdom.

“And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab and he said the King of Moab, ‘Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth and be with you, till I know what God will do for me” (22:3).

David’s fear had reduced him to seeking in the ‘watchtower’ (Mizpeh) an alliance with an old nemesis that was of the family of Abraham through Lot. All family history is ignored, even the evil which was done to the children of Israel as they came forth from the wilderness into the Promised Land. This gallant man of valour was brought low into the dust as he forgot those things which God had manifestly declared unto him with irrefutable proofs. Now David, in demonstration of the natural man, doubted the word of God, the power of God and sought the strength of the arm of the flesh to support him.

But God, who is rich in mercy by His great love wherewith He delivers all His people had ordained the dispatch of His prophet, the messenger of the troop (Gad) to warn and instruct His anointed to abandon this course and flee the country. Saul was against David, the people under Saul looked to capture and kill him and the people ‘of the father’ (Moab) were not to be trusted.

“Then David departed and came into the forest of Chareth” (22:5).

The way of man is indeed not in himself. God had ordered these steps of His elect King from the palace seat next to the ‘ruling desire of the people’ (King Saul) into the wilderness or uninhabited land of trees. The abundance of trees in the woods was assumed be a shelter for his people and the forest should supply the needs of this band of people of bitter souls. His number grew to six hundred after he learns that Doeg had murdered the priest of God and Abiathar (My father is great) came to join the army of David. Yehovah God instructs David to take his little squad into battle against the Philistines again, this time at Keilah (fortress). David and his men went out and fought as the Philistines were delivered into their hands and they brought away much spoils. “But Saul called the people to war to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men” Again the Word of Yehovah come to David and instructed him as to the path that King Saul was ordained to take and David and his men escaped once more.

“And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds and remained in a mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand” (23:14).

The manifestation of the love and plan of the Will of God is demonstrated in the daily activities of every child of grace, though he cannot see them with the eyes of Adam. David was driven by fear and doubt into a stronghold of an elevated ‘flowing uninhabited land of thick trees’ where God revealed Himself yet again to His servant. His path would lead him to the fountain of the kid of the flock (Engedi) where he would hide in a cave as his enemy slept nearby but all the while the Spirit of Yehovah was teaching David the ways of God. David was running for his life, or so he thought, but God was teaching him the truth. David did not boast or brag of his credentials nor did he flaunt his ‘ordination’ at the hand of Samuel. He was a man who was given to ‘peer pressure’, self-preservation and the flawed tangible evidences which appeared before him. He was manifesting the evident presence of the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye and the pride of life while appearing devoid of any faith.

“The angel of Yehovah is encamped round about them that fear Him and delivers them” (PS. 34:7).

The lesson which the Spirit taught David could not be taught of man. Those who are covenant brethren in the New Covenant have the Spirit of Yehovah dwelling in them. It is He who teaches the children to know the Lord. These lessons are manifested through trials and tribulations which show forth the frailties and weakness of the body of this death while continually manifesting the power of God. The natural man cannot receive these teachings and, being contrary to the Spirit within, strives against Him in attempt o obtain that which the Spirit has; eternal life. The children as they are partakers of flesh and blood are carnal, sold under sin in Adam but they are not left alone. God who in sundry times and divers manner, spake unto the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken unto his beloved children by His messenger, the Anointed Salvation of Yehovah. It is He who has ordered the steps of the righteous man not in hope of making him righteous but because he is righteous in the Anointing, just as David was King in his anointing. It is He who has carefully and meticulously prepared all conditions necessary to lead His people into the valley and then up upon the mountain; to bring them into the captivity of the bondage of corruption and deliver them out. He is the Rock of our salvation.

“In God I will praise His Word, in God have I put my trust; I will not fear what flesh can do unto me” (Ps. 56:4).

The best seminaries and schools of theology cannot teach the precious truth of God. Only those of like precious faith who have experienced the common deliverance from the horrible pit of inability in Adam and have been translated out of the kingdom of darkness into the Kingdom of Light have been given the pure language to praise His Holy name. Only those who have the testimony of the Spirit, which is from faith to faith, know that they have no confidence in the arm of the flesh even though they are drawn away in Adam after the lusts of the flesh. They have the testimony of the finished work which is praise unto our God and they know that neither man, nor angels, nor Devils control or command the times of our habitations, the limitations thereof or whatsoever comes to pass. These things belong unto Yahovah God Sovereign of the Universe who loves His Beloved and will never leave nor forsake Her. He declares all Her movings (actions) and all her pain and sorrow in Adam are written in His book. She dwells in the palm of His hand and no man can remove her or displace her in any way.

“Come children hearken unto me, I will teach you the fear of Yehovah” (Ps. 34:11).

This is what David had to learn before he was ready to sit on his throne as King of Israel. These were necessary ingredient in the makeup of the man who would vanquish the foes and place all his enemies under his footstool before the King of Peace, Solomon would take the throne. This is indeed history, but it stands in type of the Kingdom which has no end, whose King is the Lord God Omnipotent.

The just shall live by His faith is not an admonition or an exhortation, it is the axiom for all who live by the faith of the Son of God who loved them and gave His life for them.

Your servant in Christ,
(Elder) Chet Dirkes
October 19, 2014