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So! What’s in a name?

The union of Jacob and Leah produced six sons. The first was Reuben, meaning, ‘see a son’. Leah hoped that the birth of a son to Jacob would commend his love to her and away from Rachael but it did not, for Jacob loved Rachael. The second son was born and named Simeon for Leah said “the Lord has ‘heard’ that I was hated”. Levi was next as Leah hoped that her husband would be ‘joined’ unto her. Then was born Judah as Leah gave praise unto her Lord. The fifth son was named Issachar for “God hath given me my ‘hire’”. The last male child born unto Jacob and Leah was Zebulun and the hope of Leah was completed as she desired that her husband would dwell with her for she had born him six sons. “And afterwards she bare a daughter, and called her name Dinah (judgment)”. Each one of these children and the names assigned unto them bears significance as the precious glory of the Godhead and the wonders of His Majesty is revealed from faith to faith.

The significance is not only in the name but also in the order of each birth as Isaiah wrote “for unto us a child is born and unto us a son is given” (9:6) therefore the first born was ‘see a son’. Each of these names and the offspring of each house shall be considered, for, “behold I and the children whom the Lord hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the Lord of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion” (8:18).

The fifth son was Issachar, who was given to Leah by God for recompense for her hire as she paid for Jacobs affection with the mandrakes or aphrodisiacs of her son. Therefore Issachar and all that accompanies him and his household have to do with the price of the hire. The literal meaning of his name is ‘hired to carry’ as a ‘strong ass couching down between two burdens’. The first consideration then will be of the position of ‘fifth’ and the significance of the number five followed by the concepts of hire, recompense and the offspring.

Joseph required a payment from the Egyptians, by edict and law, as he prepared the land for the seven years of profuse drought. He took a fifth part from the land of Egypt. During the seven years of abundance, Joseph extracted a price of a fifth of the gain to be placed in storage (Gen. 41:34). When Jacob brought his family into the land of fortification, Joseph had opened the barns of abundance and was selling it to the Egyptians, the inhabitants of the land, but he gave it to his brethren. The great house (Pharaoh) gave the payment of a fifth part unto Joseph (47:24) and Joseph provided for the ones who would have killed him for his arrogance and dreams and had sold him into slavery, beginning his journey into the foreign land. One fifth or twenty percent of the abundance of the earth belongs to the children of promise to sustain them in this foreign land.

When Moses gave the Law of Mt. Sinai to the children of Israel, the number five was incorporated whenever recompense was required for the sin of ignorance or if one sin and commit trespass. For the sin of ignorance, amends were to be made for the harm and a fifth part was to be added to the remission. If one sin and commit a trespass and lie, swear falsely or bear false witness he should restore the principle plus a fifth part. If one eat an holy thing, he shall repay the price of the mater plus a fifth part to the priests. When the law of redemption was proclaimed, each cost of redemption was accompanied by the inclusion of a fifth part more to the estimation of that which was to be redeemed.

“And it came to pass on the day that Moses had fully set up the tabernacle, and had anointed it, and sanctified it, and all the instruments thereof, both of the alter and all the vessels thereof, and had anointed them, and sanctified the; that the princes of Israel, heads of the houses of their fathers, who were the princes of the tribes, and were over them that numbered offered; and they brought their offering before the Lord, six covered wagons, and twelve oxen: a wagon for two of the princes and for each one ox; and they brought them before the tabernacle. On the fifth day Sheluniel (the friend of God) the son of Zurishadddai (the almighty rock), prince of the children of Simeon (heard, listen, obey), did offer.” (Num. 7:1 & 36) OR, on the fifth day the friend of God, the almighty rock was obedient and that rock was Christ. Thus the significance of the one who is hired to carry and to bear the burden, the sin of His people, is the same as ‘there is recompense’ or payment, which is the precious blood of the Lamb, Issachar, the Anointed of God.

The first born unto Issachar was named Tola or ‘worm.’ This is not as one might think of an earth worm or a maggot as Bildad the Shuehite stated to Job in his attempt to condemn him for his faith, for that worm has to do with death and decay, and such is the son of Adam for of the dust of the earth was he formed and to the dust shall he return. The name ‘Tola’ is a reference to a specific type of worm known as the scarlet worm or ‘cocus ilicis’. This worm was known for its color and character. By nature she attaches herself to a tree as she gives birth to her seed. During this time, she is permanently attached to the tree and there dies as she gave life to her offspring. A crimson fluid is secreted from her body staining herself, cover and protect her young, and leaving an indelibly mark upon the tree. Thus this worm gave life to her seed by her death. So when David the ‘Beloved’ wrote in Psalm 22:6 “But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men and despised of the people”, it is the cry of the Messiah as He was affixed to the cross and became the curse for His people, as He who knew no sin became sin for His people, shed His precious blood to cleanse them from all unrighteousness, ad died, that they might live, for in Him we do live and move and have our very being. The recompense required for the sin and trespass of the Elect of God was the shed blood of the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world. The one hired to carry the two burdens of sin and transgression from His people, without the camp to the uninhabited land was the only fit man that was worthy, the Anointed Servant of God.

Note well that this type of the messiah as depicted by the worm, would be a reproach to men, even though He, by the shedding of His blood, was covering the sin of His people and protecting them from the wrath of the judgment of Almighty God, He was spat upon, belittled and accosted by the righteous of the day as they said, ‘he saves others but cannot save himself’. All of His chosen ones fled as the ax was laid to the root and the shepherd was struck as He took the cup of the fierceness of the wrath of God upon himself.. “He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. Surely he hath born our griefs and carried our sorrows (Issachar), yet we did esteem his stricken, smitten of God and afflicted.” (Isaiah 53:3&4) It would then stand to reason when it was written that Jacob was a worm also, (Isaiah 41:14), for the children of promise are the seed of Christ being chosen in Him from before the foundation of the world. If the ‘Beloved’ is the scarlet worm, then so are they which are born from above, for He came forth with His work before Him and His seed with Him. This is identical to the comparative wording that we are the ‘sheep of His pasture’ and He is the ‘Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world’.

This eternal identification between the righteousness of the Son of God and the blood of the atonement can be seen in the pattern given in the mount which was a pattern of heavenly things. The curtains of the tabernacle were to be of fine white linen which is the righteousness of Christ. This is the same fine linen, clean and white, which is the righteousness of the saints as seen in the revelation of Jesus Christ. John saw those whose garments had been washed in the scarlet blood of the worm and had His righteousness imputed unto them. Not a new righteousness or a part of it, but the thoroughly complete and Holy righteousness of the Anointed Servant of God, ‘Therefore, being justified by (His) faith, we have peace with God”. (Romans 5:1). And it continues. The vail, which is the door, which is again Christ for He said “I am the door of the sheep” (John 10:1), is the same door which is the gate of praise of the New Jerusalem, the bride adorn for her husband and presented to Him without spot or blemish. She is adorn in white (His righteousness), blue (royal garments) and purple (blood red identification or mark of ownership of the King who gave His life for her) and scarlet (the blood of the atonement), just as He is. The curtains, the vail, the sanctuary, the gate, the doors, the Holy garments of the High Priest, the ephod, the breastplate, the pomegranates and everything to do with the Law of redemption had these colours interwoven throughout the fine linen pure and white. The regal splendor of the Christ of God is incomplete without being stained with the scarlet blood, “ Behold the Lord hath proclaimed unto the end of the world, Say ye to the daughter of Zion, Behold thy salvation cometh; behold His reward with Him, and His work before Him. And they shall call them, the Holy people, The redeemed of the Lord, and thou shalt be called, Sought out, a city not forsaken. Who is this that cometh from Edom (red, Adam) with dyed garments from Bozrah (sheepfold)? This glorious in His apparel, traveling in the greatness of His strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. Wherefore red in thy apparel? And thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat? I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall sprinkle upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment. For the day of vengeance is in my heart, and the year of my redeemed is come.”

He who is the ‘Beloved’ of the Lord is the scarlet worm, the son of redemption, who is hired to carry the burdens of his people and cleans them from all unrighteousness.

The son of Tola is named “Rephaiah” which means ‘healed of Jehovah’, and such are those for whom the Son of righteousness has arisen with healing in His wings. He came not for the whole for they need not a physician. His are a poor and afflicted people, week and lowly who have been buffeted by the scorn of men, the labours of this world and the galling yoke of the Law of God. But He is the balm from Gilead (the testimony) that sooths the wounds of His little flock.

The next sons name is “Jeriel”, ‘taught of God’ or, as Joel records, poured out by God; “And it shall come to pass afterward, I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my Spirit.” This teaching was not obtained by flesh and blood but was revealed from heaven with all signs and wonders as testified by Peter on the day of Pentecost in Acts 2. This came not by the will of man nor by the wisdom of man because the natural man receiveth not the things (teaching) of the Spirit, neither can he know it, for they are revealed from faith to faith.

Next came “Jahmai”, ‘whom Jehovah guards’. When the time came for the scarlet worm to give birth, both her body and the crimson fluid, protected and guarded her seed until they were of full strength. This type falls short in nature for our Protector has said He would never leave nor forsake His seed. Even when the Godhead was separated from the Son of Man as He cried out, “My God, My God, Why hast thou forsaken me?” the seed was secure in her head, the Son of God, as the Lamb of God, without spot or blemish, became sin for her and freed her from the curse of death in Adam. The seed, chosen in The Anointed from the foundation of the world is, ‘whom Jehovah guards’.

Next is “Jibsam”. This name refers to the pleasantness of the sweet smelling savor which ascends before the throne of God. A savor of rest and a perfume of peace for the Father saw the travail of His souls and was well pleased, therefore, He is exalted on High and given a name above every name, whether in heaven or in earth, that at the name of Jesus every knee shall bow and every tongue shall confess that He is Lord. He is now seated at the right hand of the Father in His throne and all is at rest and at peace for His work is finished, (though it doeth not yet appear that way to us). In this sweet smell are the prayers of the saints which ascend before the throne of God as the Spirit make intercession for His people, for know not how to pray.

The last name is “Shemuel”, ‘His name is God’. He is the mighty one and there is no other. He spoke and it came to pass. He has declared the end from the beginning saying my counsel shall stand. He is the King of King and Lord of Lords who sits on the circle of heaven and the clouds of the air are the dust of His feet. He rules in the armies of heaven, and the inhabitants of this earth, they of the seed of the serpent and Adam, are reputed as nothing. None can stay His hand or say what doest thou. His hand is not slacked, He is not a man nor a creature of another’s creation. He is the Lord God Omnipotent and He reigns.

(Elder) Chet Dirkes

Banner of Hope
Volume 1, No. 1 - May 2007