The Christ Man in Type

CHAPTER ONE.

ADAM.

THE name Adam belongs to all the race of men, and its simple meaning is, of the ground. "The first man is of the earth, earthy," says the Scripture. Moses thus records the creation and dominion of Adam: "And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them." "And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul." "In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him; male and female created he them; and blessed them; and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created."

This inspired testimony reveals two very wonderful facts; that is, that both the Creator and creature are one and yet two; and that in the likeness of the LORD God made he man. This wonderful truth runs through all the Bible. Adam and Eve were two; yet in life and nature and name they two were one. God thus made them, joined them together and made them one. Of these two-one, the husband and the wife, Paul truly says: "This is a great mystery; but I speak concerning Christ and the church." Most truly, then, as Adam and Eve were one, so Christ and the church are one; for God himself joined them together. This mystery of God's hidden wisdom is hid from the world, but made known to his Saints.

Now, in this great mystery of godliness is revealed the meaning of the wonderful words of God: "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness." God thus spoke to the Word, who was in the beginning with God; and was God. "All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made." And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us; (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father;) full of grace and truth." This testimony of John is also given by Paul in Hebrews: "God hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high." These Scriptures plainly show in what sense God made man in his own image and likeness, and that it was after the image of the Word, the Son of God, the Man Christ Jesus, who is the express image of God's person. God has no personality, only the person of his Son. God is a Spirit and is invisible, and so Adam was not made in the likeness of the eternal Godhead, but he was the image of the heavenly Man, Christ Jesus, the Son of man. Of him Paul said: "Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God; but made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men." Thus the Son of God was both in the likeness of God and in the likeness of Adam, and so he was equal with both God and man. "The Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us." Yet he dwelt in the bosom of God the Father. "And the Word was God." For all his people, Jesus, our Advocate with the Father, prayed, saying: "That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us. This oneness Paul thus affirms: "For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren, saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee." This oneness and equality of Christ with God and with the church truly qualified him to be the complete and only Mediator between them. Paul thus declares this truth: "For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus; who gave himself a ransom for all to be testified in due time." Because Jesus mediates between God and men, he brings them together in oneness.

These wonderful testimonies of the Scriptures reveal to us the truth that God made Adam in the image and likeness of his beloved Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. Paul expressly declares this in Romans five, saying: "Death reigned .from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come." The figure or image of the Man Christ Jesus. This figure Adam is. No other man is called the figure of Christ, although others were also types of him, but not in the pre-eminent way that Adam is.

It will instruct and comfort us to trace in the Scriptures this likeness of Adam to Christ. The first is, God gave Adam dominion over all the earth, and put all things under his feet. In this Adam is a noble figure of the second Man, the Lord from heaven. To no other man has God ever given this dominion, authority and honor. This entire dominion, power and glory is perfectly fulfilled in the last Adam, to whom God said: "Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool."

When the risen Jesus had put death under his feet, he came to his disciples and said: "All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth." Paul speaks of the working of God's mighty power, which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, far above all Principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come; and hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the Head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fullness of him that filleth all in all." This is the glorious anti-type of Adam.

Adam is the head of Eve and all her children. In this he is the figure of Christ. Paul says: "For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the Head of the church: and he is the Savior of the body." It is in this oneness of the head and the body, the husband and the wife, that Adam is specially the figure of him that was to come. "And Adam said: This' is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man." In life and nature and name they two were truly one. Yea, also, in estate, whether of goodness or woe, life or death, they were one. Neither life nor death could separate Adam and Eve. When she sinned, and death passed upon her, it behooved him to partake with her and suffer and die with her and for her. Life and Love united them. God had made them one. How touchingly they are the figures of Christ and the church: "Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; that he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, that he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish." Paul. In this Christ is infinitely greater than Adam. For the first Adam could only die with Eve, and remain with her under sin and death, but the last Adam had power both to lay down his life, and had power to take it up again. He said: "Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father." This is most wonderful and glorious. To no other man or being did God give this power. Power here means, lawful and rightful authority. "There is a Friend that sticketh closer than a brother." "Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends," said our heavenly Friend to us. This wonderful Man is the Head and Husband of his Bride. "He that hath the bride is the Bridegroom, said John the Baptist, the friend of Jesus. It was only because of this union or oneness, a unity in life and substance, in name and interest, between the Bridegroom and his bride, that Jesus had the power to lay down his righteous life for the church. In all things Christ and the church and all her members or children are one; therefore he loved the church, which is his body and fullness, and gave himself for it.

In this oneness with his bride and love for her which sin nor guilt nor death could sever, Adam is a beautiful and wonderful figure of our heavenly Bridegroom. Paul says that Adam was not deceived; but Eve had been deceived and had sinned unto death. In every dear and sacred way they were still one, and this bond of life and love behooved him to give himself and his life for her. So he willingly partook of her sin, and went down into death with her. Thus far Adam is a figure of Christ, and Eve is a figure of the church.

O how pathetic is their betrothal and oneness under the law of sin and death! Let us go with them to lovely Eden, and view them in their innocence as God put them there, and said of all his work that he had created and made that "It was very good." In perfect wisdom and goodness God made all his work, and ordained it unto his own glory. In all his great and wonderful work which the LORD God created and made, there was not the least mistake or blunder. Wisdom and Knowledge, Counsel and Purpose were with him, and presided over all his manifold works. Not only do his perfect attributes establish the certainty of all this, but the holy Scriptures fully testify that it is so. Believing this truth, we in spirit go back to Eden, from whence we were driven out. Here we look, behold with wonder and read: "Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them." But, lo, the man is there alone in his beautiful paradise! How strange this is to us. As we gaze in wonder and surprise at this, our vision is raised to heaven, and with still greater wonder we behold in the paradise of God a glorious One, and he speaks and says: "The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water. Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth; while as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world. When he prepared the heavens, I was there; when he set a compass upon the face of the depth: when he established the clouds above: when he strengthened the fountains of the deep: when he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment; when he appointed the foundations of the earth; then I was by him, as one brought up with him; and I was daily his delight, rejoicing always before him; rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights, were with the sons of men." We look to behold the objects of his delights, but our vision sees only him with the omnipotent Maker. Seeking light, we read again: "My substance was not hid from thee, when I was made in secret, and curiously wrought in the lowest parts of the earth. Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them." So God clearly saw from the dateless beginning that which we could not see. Again we read: "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not anything made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men. "And of his fullness have all we received, and grace for grace." To the church in Christ Paul said: "Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ; according as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love." In spirit we are now carried up to Christ in heaven; and, behold, the bride, the Lamb's wife, was there in him in her spiritual substance before the world was, before God made Adam, who is the figure of Christ. And certainly the figure could not exist before its substance. Just before he died, the Son of God asked his Father to glorify him with the glory which he had with him before the world was.

Our vision now beholds wonderful Eden again; and, lo, the voice of God says: "It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him. * * And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; and the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man." God had raised Adam up out of his deep sleep; and now, behold, Eve stood by his side! spotless and fair, and Adam was blessed and happy in her, and could well say, as the divine Bridegroom said, "Thou art all fair, my love:" "This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh." O lovely bride and bridegroom! blessed of God, your Maker. His hands made and fashioned you. And he made you lovely types of the wonderful Bridegroom of heaven, his beloved Son and his bride.

Oh! with amazement and sorrow, we see the scene all changed in Eden, and in vision we follow the man and his wife, as hand in hand, with bowed heads and tear stained faces, they slowly turn away from lost Eden, and go forth to till the ground and eat their bread in sorrow, until their mother Earth received them into her bosom. For they sadly know now that their darkened way surely leads them down, down to death. Oh! How dreadful the word DEATH!! Why must it be so? Did not God bless them? Did he not pronounce all that he had made "very good?' Has his beneficence and goodness failed? Does he hate this yet lovely pair that he had blessed? All is fearfully dark, and seems against them and lost. Looking back to Eden, with terror they see that the fiery cherubim and a flaming sword guard the tree of life, and the weeping man and woman flee away. Blind unbelief would say, that God himself was defeated and all his grand purpose was a woeful failure.

But O, look and wonder again at penitent Adam and Eve! for they are clothed with the seamless skins of innocent animals, whose blood and life have been taken; and their Maker himself has wrought their robes and put them upon them. Yea, also, they hear him say to the beguiling serpent: "And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel."

This decree of God is absolute, and it must be accomplished. God himself put this enmity between the woman and the serpent, the devil, and between her seed and his seed. Here in type is Christ and the church, the seed of the woman, for they are all born of woman, and are all partakers of flesh and blood, both the Son of God and all the children of God. The devil and his seed of evil doers all hate and persecute the woman, the church, and her Son and children. And so in their flesh they must all be bruised, suffer and die, even as Adam and Eve and all their children must die because of sin. So of Christ and the children God gave him it is written: "Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; and deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage."

Thus the purpose of God is unfolded by the solemn events in Eden, and his infinite goodness and the exceeding riches of his mercy are made known. All was as he purposed. God made the subtil serpent; he planted the tree of the knowledge of good and evil in the midst of the garden, and gave the command to Adam not to eat of it, and made the penalty of disobedience death. He then caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, took a rib from his side, near his heart, made woman, the companion and help meet of man, and brought her to Adam. She was beguiled by the serpent to eat and sin. This brought Adam down under the law of God, that he might die with her. All was thus fixed and sure, and resulted in the determined end. In this wonderful way God made Adam the figure of the Christ-Man, whom God had verily foreordained to come into the world and die for the church, his bride and body. Neither Adam nor Christ were deceived, but the bride of each were deceived, and were in the transgression. But the sin and death of these two brides brought the head and husband and life of each one down into death with them. God ordained that it should be so. In this way God and his Christ were to be glorified, and heaven was to be filled with the happy people saved by the Lord.

It was not possible for almighty Power, guided by infinite Wisdom and Love, to be at fault or err; therefore every thing that God created and made was according to his perfect counsel and eternal purpose, and was very good, and his purpose was fulfilled in all the deeply solemn events of Eden, and not the least thing in all the counsel of God failed. To say it did, and that God would have had it different, would be to charge him with both weakness and folly. None that fear God will do this, but all who thus do are themselves irreverent, ignorant and foolish. "The fear of God is the beginning of wisdom." They have not this wisdom.

In this fear and wisdom, let us now again look upon a profoundly wonderful event in Eden, in which Adam is the figure of him that was to come. With awe and deep amazement and sorrow we behold him prostrate as one dead, his eyes closed and the life-blood flowing from his wounded side. While we look and weep, that the life of this lovely man should end so early, our sorrow is turned into astonished joy; for the lonely Adam not only revives and lives again, but out of his wounded side, lo, there is with him a living and loving bride, most beautiful and lovely to behold! The bridegroom rejoices over his bride. They now both live a new life. To him Eden is all the more beautiful because she is there to enjoy it with him. O how blessed and good is the work of God! So far from complaining at his deep sleep and suffering, without which there had been no living and happy help meet with him, Adam the more adores and praises God for all his great and marvelous works, and Eve joins in the praise.

How touchingly wonderful is this type! Our faith beholds in it the beloved Son of God, the devoted Bridegroom of heaven, wounded and bleeding; then in a deep sleep, out of which God raises him up; and, O wonder of wonders! out of his wounded side there arises with him the happy queen of heaven, the living and glorious church of the First-born from the dead! The word is fulfilled that says, "He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him." The lovely Man of sorrow said, "Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit." He spoke this of himself and the church, for it should come forth with him out of death, a living, spotless church. "It is a faithful saying: For if we be dead with him, we shall also live with him," says Paul to us. Death is first, and out of the death of Christ, and our death unto sin with him, there arises a living Christ and living church, a glorious Bridegroom and his bride, and they two are one. This is God's own way. Out of it there arises an exceeding and eternal weight of glory. The infinite wisdom and love of God only ordained this way, and his almighty power fulfilled it. The unbelieving world fights against it; but saints and angels will love and praise him for ever for it.

Adam and Eve shall be with the church in that new song of joyful praise; for God himself made the atoning sacrifice and clothed them with salvation. We shall never cease to behold and admire with joyful wonder this figure that God gave us, with its spiritual and heavenly antitype. Upon the first Adam, who was alone in Eden, he causes a deep sleep, symbol of death, to fall. Then God awakes Adam and raises him up, and wonderful to tell, his fair and lovely Eve is with him in beautiful Eden! From Eden we look away to the beautiful paradise of God to see the meaning of this picture, and with joyful praise to God we see the last Adam and his heavenly queen.

Now the vision changes, and, alas! the husband and the wife are going down from Eden to the dark tomb! For her sake he must die with her; for she is life of his life, bone of his bones, and flesh of his flesh. Her sin and woe and death are his, because she is his and he is hers. In life they two are one, and in death they are one. As yet all their countless children are unborn; so they, too, are one with them in sin and death. All is lost! not only Eden and its innocent joys, but themselves as well, their life, their all is lost! This is the dark picture or figure.

The vision changes now, and angels and men are filled with adoring wonder: A child is born in Bethlehem; and, behold, he came down from heaven! and God was his Father!! This is the last Adam. But Oh, he is under the law, and is bruised and persecuted, afflicted and sorrowful. He calls a little flock to follow him, but they, too, are under the law and its curse, are sorrowful and poor. He teaches them that the kingdom of heaven is near, when the Bridegroom shall enter into it with his bride; but it had not come yet. He says that he will build his church upon the living Rock. But he sorrowfully assures them again, and again, that he must first suffer and die, and thus do the will of his Father; that for this cause. he came down from heaven, and came into the world; and that only in this ordained way could he enter into his glory, and redeem his bride, the church, and present her unto himself and to his Father in glory. His Father gave him the commandment to lay down his life, that he might take it up again. The people that God had given Christ, who should be the members of his body and of his flesh and of his bones, as Eve was of Adam, were all sinful and guilty under the curse of the holy law of God, as was Eve and her children. Yet they were the people of his choice and the objects of his love. They were in the world, yet they were his own, and he loved them unto the end. He said to his sorrowing disciples, "Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends." And all his beloved people were to be his bosom friends for ever in the perfect love of his Father, who also loved them as he loved his Son.

The love of Adam for his sinful Eve was strong and beautiful, and so he gave his life for her; but the love of Christ for the church far surpassed all finite love. The bond that made him one with his people is infinitely near and dear, and it is divine and heavenly. God made them one. This Beloved says to his bride, "And I will betroth thee unto me for ever; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in loving kindness, and in mercies. I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt know the Lord." In the deathless bonds of this holy betrothal, he says, "I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues: O grave, I will be thy destruction."

O sorrowful hour! Satan bruises the heel of the Son of the woman, and in the body of his flesh the last Adam, the only hope of Eve and her sorrowing children, goes down into death and the grave closes over him. His sorrow had been exceeding great, but his love to his Father and his brethren was greater. "In his love and in his pity he redeemed them."

Through Satan beguiling Eve, the first Adam and all his race or people must follow them down into death. And now, because of sin, the last Man is dead. This is the end of the law. Satan sought to defeat the counsel and work of God. He spoiled the happiness of Eden and it was lost. This last deadly enmity is aimed to destroy heaven and shut all people out of it. Sin and death and the grave seem indeed to have the victory. All now turns upon whether the last Adam, the Man of the cross, shall awake and rise up again, to die no more. For unless he has bruised the serpent's head, destroyed the devil, that had the power of death, made an end of sin, abolished death, and brought life and immortality to light through the power of an endless life, then hopeless infidelity obtains, and there shall be no redeemed gospel church with him on earth, clothed with his salvation as his loving bride, to rejoice in his name, and no glorified church in heaven. If he rises not, then sin has dominion over all, heaven is void and all are perished. This is the claim and boast of black infidelity. So the resurrection of Christ in the power and glory of his new and holy life is the salvation of his people, the birth of the gospel church, the bride, the Lamb's wife, the ushering in of the new covenant and the new heavens and new earth, wherein dwelleth everlasting righteousness. All this is gloriously fulfilled in the Son of the woman. The death of the Bridegroom gives life to his bride, and she glorifies him.

"It is finished," cried the dying Man on the cross. "Finished," sin and death; "finished," justice and the law; "finished," redemption and righteousness; "finished," the devil and the power of darkness; "finished," the suffering and the warfare; "finished," the covenant with death and the league with hell; "finished," the debt and the bondage; "finished," the cup of woe and the baptism of death; "finished, "the sting of death and the victory of the grave; "finished," the night and the darkness; yea, "finished," the way to the tree of life and into heaven! All hail to conquering Jesus! "Glory to God in the highest!" "And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night. And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word .of their testimony." "Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth. Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honor to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints. And he saith unto me. Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God."

Of the risen Christ and his apostles Luke says, "And he led them out as far as to Bethany, and he lifted up his hands, and blessed them. And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. And they worshiped him and returned to Jerusalem with great joy." In vision we now are with John on Patmos, who saw Jesus in heaven, and says, "And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: I am he that liveth, and was dead; and behold, lam alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death." "And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. * * * And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful. And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end."

The above is the beautiful mount Sion, the gospel church, that Christ said he would build. It is not earthly, nor worldly, nor legal, for it is not under the law; but it comes down from God out of heaven, and is spiritual, holy and heavenly, and is the bride, the Lamb's wife. He, the Head and the Husband, came down from heaven; his doctrine is the doctrine of God; his ordinances and order are heavenly; his brethren are all born of God, and the heavenly Jerusalem is their mother, and his words are spirit and life. The church of Christ was not manifested under the law and the old covenant, but he built it under the gospel of salvation and the new covenant of life and peace. It was first organized and built and adorned as a bride for her husband on the day of Pentecost, when the apostles were endued with power from on high. "And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance." "The number of the names together were about an hundred and twenty." After the resurrection of Christ, and before he ascended up to heaven, being assembled together with his disciples, he "commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me. For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence. * * Ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth."

This baptism of the church of Christ by the Holy Spirit was divinely glorious and blessed. She was now anointed and illuminated, and was clothed with salvation and adorned with the robe of righteousness, her glorious wedding, dress. This church was shown to John by an angel, who came and said to him, "Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife. And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain; and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, having the glory of God," &c. As shown to John it is a glorious and heavenly city, having no need of any worldly light. "And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it. * * And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life." And now, most wonderful and glorious, the angel showed John in this city of God, "a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life." O praise the Lord! the flaming sword was not there, to smite the one who would eat of the tree of life, as it was in lost Eden. For the Man who is the equal of the Lord of hosts had fought the fearful battle with death, and had been cut down by the sword that awoke against him; but O, all glory to his precious name! he had taken the sword away from his church, and had planted the tree of life in the midst of the holy city. "And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him: and they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads." And now, Jesus, who over came for us, says, "To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God."

Now, turning to Paul, who writes of Adam and of the Man of whom he is the figure, comparing them, we read: "But not as the offence so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation: even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteousness."

How strong and unconditional and absolutely sure this doctrine is! It is the imputation of sin unto the condemnation of death by the first man, and the imputation of righteousness unto the justification of life by the last Man, by virtue of the close relationship of each one of these two public heads to their respective bodies or families or people, as has been shown in these pages. By the offence of Adam judgment came upon all men in him to Condemnation of death; and even so by the righteousness of Christ the free, gift of God's grace came upon all men in him unto justification of life. The disobedience of Adam brought all his people down into sin and death with him, and they could do nothing to bring them back into life. His death was theirs in him, and for all men in him there is no possible escape. Just so, the obedience of Christ for all his people shall bring all men in him up out of sin and death into holiness and life with him, and it is not possible for one of them to perish. Christ's righteous life is theirs in him, and to them he says, "Because I live, ye shall live also," The body either dies with its head, or lives with its head This shows that Adam is truly a great figure of Christ. And God has thus shown to his people in a clear strong light both his justice and his Grace. He has here shown them also that there is not the least condition on their part in their salvation, but that it is entirely "the gift by grace," and "the free gift." 'For since by man came death, by Man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive." The all in Adam die because they are in him. and their life is his dying life. On the other hand, all in Christ shall be made alive because they are in him, and his eternal life .is theirs in him by gift of his Father.

The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second Man is the Lord from heaven. As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy; and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. And as we have born the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly."

Elder David Bartley
"The Christ Man in Type"