DAVID, meaning beloved, was the second king in Israel, Saul having been anointed out of a vial of oil the first king, by the prophet Samuel. The Lord afterward sent Samuel to Bethlehem, to the house of Jesse, to anoint his youngest son David with a horn of oil king over Israel, in Saul's stead, from whom the Lord would rend the kingdom. The Spirit of the Lord was with David, but not with Saul. Therefore Saul, who was a fleshly and wicked king, hated, persecuted and tried to kill David. Saul thus represented the ungodly and wicked powers of the world, of whom the Lord says, "The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us." This was the man effort of Saul against David.
The vial out of which Saul was anointed was weak in itself, and doubtless Samuel threw it on the ground and it was broken. This was a symbol of all earthly kings, and the powers of this world. "The Lord shall have them in derision. Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure." And thus did Saul perish, and his power was broken. It was so also with Pharaoh, with the king of Babylon, with Herod, and with Rome. The handwriting of God on the wall is against all those kingdoms, saying, "God hath numbered thy kingdom, and finished it. Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting." Thus shall all the kingdoms of this world pass away and perish, because none of them were established in righteousness, but corruption stamps the best of them, and they shall all cease to be.
But with the symbolic kingdom of David it was not so, as shown by the horn out of which Samuel poured the oil upon his youthful head, the symbol of strength and durability. So the kingdom of David should not pass away, but endure as the days of heaven. Not, however, as a literal and symbolic kingdom, but in its exalted spiritual reality it shall abide forever, as we shall see.
Let us here pause and observe that, in all the foregoing symbolic persons, our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ has been seen as doing and suffering for his people. In Adam we have seen how that Christ went down into death for his church, to clothe her with the robe of righteousness. Melchisedec shows that Christ is our eternal High Priest, who gave us his flesh and his blood, the bread and water of life, as the typical priest gave bread and wine to Abraham. In Isaac is seen the church released from death, by the offering of Christ the Lamb of God; and how he then brought home into the gospel house his bride. Joseph shows us how deeply Jesus was humbled, that he should save his Father's house from perishing. In Moses we behold the Prophet and Mediator that God would raise up unto Israel his people, to lead them out of bondage and death, and to make them his household, that they should worship God. Joshua shows Jesus as risen from the dead, as building the church, and giving his people the victory. Aaron, the high priest, who entered into the most holy place in the presence of God once a year with atoning blood, pointed to the end of all the sacrifices for sin, when Christ should offer himself without spot unto God, pass through the vail of his flesh, take death away and open to all his people and brethren a new and living way into heaven. Jonah shows us that death and the grave could not hold Christ, and that neither can his people be held under the victory of the grave, but they shall all be saved by his risen life, and shall rejoice forever in his righteousness, which he preaches unto the great congregation of his saints. And in Boaz we joyfully behold that the holy Son of man is our near kinsman, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, our Restorer, and that, through all that he has done for us, all the bitter waters of Mara, all affliction, poverty and death, shall be removed from us, and we ourselves shall be redeemed and enter into the rich inheritance of eternal life and heavenly glory, as the children of God and the brethren and joint-heirs of his well beloved Son. In all this good way of holiness our Brother in the flesh, the Captain of our salvation, suffered and endured, fought, overcame and conquered for us.
Moreover, to his glory be it said, that not only did our Prophet and Priest, Brother and Redeemer, perform and fulfill all righteousness and salvation for the children that God gave him, but having thus finished the good work, he now also performs it in them. Thus our Savior brings every one of his people into actual and active and personal union, participation and fellowship with himself, both in his sufferings and his rejoicings, his battles and his victories, his cross and his crown. For in very truth, in all that the Man Christ Jesus does, and in all that he is, whether on earth or in heaven, he is one with his people and they are one with him. It is this that made them so sacredly near and dear to him, and that makes him so unspeakably precious and beloved to them. His love to them and in them is stronger and much more abounding than sin and death, or all the powers of darkness. His righteous and endless life in them is so omnipotent in its power, and purifying and sanctifying in its nature, that it uplifts every one of his members above all sin and degradation and disobedience, and will conform them to his own holy image of love and glory and bliss forever. In proof of this his word to us is, "Because I live, ye shall live also." "We shall be saved by his life." In this glorious truth is the secret and all-potent cause of all true obedience, worship and service to God. This is more than a thousand arguments to convince and persuade, more than ten thousand incentives and motives to move to action. Without this all else, is no better than hypocracy and mockery.
"Jesus answered and said unto him, if a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will bye him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him. He that loveth me not keepeth not my sayings: and the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father's which sent me." Our Lord gives us this infallible rule and test, and teaches us the only cause of all true obedience, and the one reason for disobedience. It were folly to try to give any other cause or reason; or to improve on what he has said. For he again says, "I am the way, the truth and the life." Again, "My word shall not pass away." "Thou hast the words of eternal life."
This perfect work of salvation, in bringing us unto Christ and making us complete in him, in the fulfillment of his atoning death and his saving life in us, as the members of his body, of his flesh and of his bones, has been set forth by those typical persons, and what God wrought by them, as we have seen. And hence, that which was true in them, as fulfilled in Christ, is likewise true in the members of Christ, and its truth will be manifested to them in their experience of salvation. So let us now see if we can follow them in heartfelt union and fellowship, and be witnesses with them in those things in which they personated Christ.
Of those figures of the Lord Jesus, ADAM stands first. By him and in him, and by his one act of disobedience, sin and death came upon us. Now, have we realized in ourselves the strength of sin, which is the law, and the sting of death, which is sin? If so, then we are in touch with the sin-burdened and bowed Adam and Eve when they fled from the flaming sword in Eden, to toil in the earth, which was cursed for their sake. We can enter into their painful experience of deep sorrow and repentance for sin, when all their sweet prospects and innocent joys in Eden were turned to wormwood and ashes, and the guilty knowledge of evil burdened their souls. Then, too, we have fellowship with the last ADAM, when he fell prostrate in another garden, and sorrowed unto death, because of our sins, which were his by us. O how deep the fellowship of kindred suffering! Yet it is this woeful knowledge and experience of Adam's disobedience unto death, in which we found ourselves equally guilty with him, that made us know and feel the need of the Physician to heal our sicknesses, and prepared us to love and glorify the Man of sorrows for his obedience of suffering. And O how supreme the blessing and perfect the peace, when we experience that his righteousness removes the curse and takes away all our sins! Now we both sorrow and rejoice, both die and live, in that we are one with the first Adam, and one with the last Adam. God hath thus joined us together. We now appreciate Paul's giving thanks unto God when he says, "But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you." Yes, "obeyed from the heart." "For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of One shall many be made righteous." "My violations of the law were his; his obedience is mine."
It is the conscious knowledge and experience of sin and its desert or guilt, and only this, that brings us to see and know the goodness and mercy of God in giving us the priesthood of MELCHISEDEC, and another High Priest after his order. Were it not for this sorrowful knowledge, we should be self-righteous, trust in our own offerings, and remain under the curse of the law. "For by the law is the knowledge of sin." It is this knowledge that so endears our sympathizing High Priest to us, who is touched with the feeling of our infirmities, and was tempted in all points like as we are, yet without sin. "For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succor them that are tempted." But unless we also suffer in our experience for our sins, and are tempted or tried, as he was, how can we have fellowship with Christ and his brethren in their suffering and sorrow for sin? This fellowship of suffering with Christ, our blessed High Priest unto God, is most endearing and sacred; for without it there is no union with him. It is the suffering and fellowship of love, and it is in his life and in our life. "If we suffer" (with him) "we shall also reign with him." Yet, O how sorrowful! SIN, OUR SINS, are the cause of all our mutual woes, and of this tender fellowship of kindred suffering. Without the experience of suffering for sin, we could neither have needed nor experienced the riches of God's mercy, nor the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, our Priest and Advocate.
In ISAAC, the child of the promise of God to Abraham, when his father bound him and laid him upon the altar, ready to die, we see ourselves and find our own experience, when the Justice of God bound us under the sentence of death, as the victims under the commandment of God. The commandment was just and holy, and, like Isaac, we were made to submit and yield to the sentence of death. This was the most painful experience of unutterable anguish of the soul; for it was to us the sacrifice and loss of all things, and of our very being and self. Words can never utter this experience of woe, and yet of unresisting submission, this cup which God gave to Isaac, and to the holy child Jesus, and to every child of the promise. For every one of them must drink of this cup of Christ, as he said to James and John. This experience is but once. 1t came to Isaac only once, to Jesus once only, and to each child of God, who is brought into the fellowship of the dying Christ, once only. Then, O then, the joy inexpressible and full of glory! when Isaac was loosed from the pains of death! when Jesus was raised up from the dead! and when he came to each one of us and said, Go free! It was the joy of a new life, the happy experience of a new birth, into a new world.
JOSEPH, the beloved of his father, the hated of his brethren, Joseph, the deeply humbled and suffering brother, the savior of his father's house, - our experience of fellowship with Joseph, our brother Joseph, and of love and honor to him, cannot be told. There is a sacred sorrow in it, a tender sympathy, an unfathomed fountain of love, too profound and sacred for human speech. For our fellowship for Joseph in his afflictions and our love to him in his beautiful character and excellent glory, as the salvation and glory of his father's house, unite us in the deathless bond of holy fellowship with the lovely and all glorious Jesus.
Our experience of fellowship with the meek MOSES, in his work and ministry as a very remarkable and special type of Christ in the days of his life in the flesh is very solemn and most deeply impressive, real and abiding; for it is printed in our minds and written in our hearts by the Spirit of the living God. It is the experience of all our life under the law, from the time sin revived in us, and we realized the most cruel and intolerable bondage and oppression under sin and Satan, until we were made to "Stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord" at the sea of a yawning death, - on, and on, through the great and terrible wilderness, to the dreadful mount Sinai, which showed us our fearful unholiness before the overpowering glory and majesty of God, and filled our trembling souls with a cry for his mercy, and stopped our mouths as quietly before him. But the passover and the salvation of the Lord at the sea, the manna in the wilderness, the wells of water, and the waters from the smitten Rock, came to us in the midst of our unbelief and stumblings, hardness of heart and complaints, as tokens of God's goodness and mercy. But all the way in the wilderness, from the Red sea to Jordan, we were with Moses and under the law; and we were sorrowfully made to experience that there is no perfection in the flesh. Moses himself taught us this solemn lesson, and pointed us to another Prophet and Mediator, whom God should raise up unto his people, whom they should hear. And so all the way of our experience under Moses, as our leader and teacher, only the more convinced us of sin, and taught us the need of righteousness and of justification from sin. Every step of the way in this dreary wilderness was the evidence of weakness and failure on our part. Yet this was God's way to bring us to Christ, although it was the painful experience of sin and suffering; for it is needful that we should die unto sin, that we may be made free from its dominion. "For Christ also hath suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit." Now it is in this same way that Christ brings us to God; that is, through this experience or suffering with him for sins, and of being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit. In this way we were baptized with Christ into his death. And thus Moses himself died. And it was for Moses, and for us, that Jesus himself died in the flesh under the law of Moses, the law of God. In this deeply solemn way only, the way of a suffering experience for sins unto death, can any of us be brought unto God. It is not Moses nor our sufferings, nor sin, nor death, but CHRIST who so brings us unto God, by his own death and life, thus fulfilled in us. None can have this salvation from sin, without this personal experience of fellowship with Moses, and with Jesus, in the flesh for sins. Paul therefore says, "God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) and hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus." Death goes before the quickening.
Our experience of companionship with JOSHUA in leaving the wilderness, going through the Jordan, and being established in the worship of God in the gospel Canaan, is more joyous, yet not more sacred, than it was with Moses, and with Jesus, under the law. But under the leadership of Joshua in the land of promise, we are blessed with the comforting experience that, "Now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the first fruits of them that slept." This is the experience of fellowship with Christ in his life. And both in his death and in his life, his saints are all one with him; that is, they are one with one another in Christ, who is their living Head, in the blessed fellowship or communion of his life. This is sacred and everlasting. In this fellowship in Christ's righteous life, they are all taught of God to love him and to love one another. In this love is the brightest evidence that we are the children of God, as well as the dearest and closest bond of fellowship. This is as enduring as is the power of this endless life.
Our fellowship with AARON in the experience of his ministry, as God's typical high priest, is very closely related to our experience with Moses under the law, an experience of sin and death. By it we are taught, however, that our sins were not imputed to us, but were carried on, and on, through all that priesthood, in the longsuffering and forbearance of our covenant God, until the fullness of the time was come, when God would send forth his Son, the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, who was thus shadowed forth by those priests, and who should through the eternal Spirit offer himself without spot unto God, and forever put away our sins, the sins of all his people and brethren. Now, all who have left Sinai, and have come to Jesus, the Mediator of the new covenant, have ceased from their own works and sacrifices, and in this experience they have fellowship with one another in the faith of Jesus, and with Aaron, who continually pointed his brethren away from himself, away from the law, away from all that they could do, and he symbolically said to them, This bleeding sin offering teaches us that our sins yet stand against us, and merit death, even as this offering has been put to death for us. But in the mercy of God, who gave us this typical atonement for our sins, we by faith in the One perfect offering and full atonement that shall be made for all the people of God's promise, do hereby renounce all our own works, and cast ourselves wholly upon the mercy of God. This is the evident typical language and the divine teaching of every divinely appointed sacrifice for sin. So if we believe this doctrine, that the blood of Christ alone justifies us, and that he only shall save us from wrath, then our experience and faith unite us in fellowship with Aaron, type of our ever-living High Priest at the right hand of God. Paul most positively and comfortingly proves this, saying of the children of God and of his Son, "Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; and deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the the seed of Abraham. Wherefore in all things it behooved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people." That is, for his brethren, the children that God gave him. All other sacrifices which God ordained for sin, from Abel's offering of the firstling of his flock until Christ ate the last passover with his disciples, were appointed to direct the faith of his people to the Lamb of God, who should take away their sins. In this faith only have we abiding and true fellowship with the Father and with the Son, with the apostles and prophets, with those typical men of God, who said, "Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world," and with one another.
If we through the disobedience of unbelief have been cast into the great deep with JONAH, and with him have thus been made to know that "Salvation is of the Lord," then we have fellowship with him in this experience of suffering, by which not only he, but the Son of God himself, learned obedience, as do we also. On the other hand, if we of our own will are good and obedient, and are well pleased with ourselves, then our fellowship is with the scribes and Pharisees, in their doctrine of man's ability and merit. But then we have no such experience as came to Jonah, and to the Son of man, who were three days and three nights buried in death for sin; and consequently, we are neither in fellowship with them in their death unto sin, nor in their risen life unto God, whom they glorify.
Our fellowship with BOAZ, and with JESUS, as our near kinsmen, will be known, if indeed we are in union with them, by the fact that our experience has brought us into close touch and loving sympathy with Naomi and Ruth, who were afflicted and poor and in debt, and whose only hope of deliverance and blessing was in the near kinsman as their redeemer. For this, their only hope was in the mercy of God. Would he move Boaz to be their restorer? Would he send Jesus to redeem and save them? Yes, this was their faith and trust and hope in their deep distress. In this experience of sorrow and joy our hearts are in warm sympathy and sweet fellowship with these lovely daughters of Faith.
Now, how is our heart toward DAVID, the last type of God's well beloved Son? These are his last words: "Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow," Is this our experience also? Is all our salvation and all our desire in the everlasting covenant of God? And is it the faith of our heart, that this covenant of salvation is ordered or established in all things, and sure? If this is true in us, then we shall have fellowship with David in his experience, when he says of the Lord, "He only is my rock and my salvation: he is my defence; I shall not be moved. In God is my salvation and my glory: the rock of my strength, and my refuge, is in God. Trust in him at all times; ye people, pour out your heart before him: God is a refuge for us. Selah. Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree are a lie: to be laid in the balance, they are altogether lighter than vanity." Thus, we see that David, who was thus taught of God, was in fellowship with Paul and the saints at Philippi, to whom he said, "For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the Spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh." If we have been also taught of God, as were these inspired saints, and as all the people of God shall be, then we have also come to Christ Jesus, in whom is all our salvation and rejoicing. Blessed are all they that have this experience of the salvation of the Lord, for they are brought into the fellowship of Christ, and of all those holy men of God.
How divinely good and blessed it is, that all the typical persons and sacrifices, together with the experience of all saints, who testify of salvation, all meet in Christ Jesus, who is the center, the fullness, the perfection and glory of all. And thus all who went before Christ and testified of him, holy men of old, patriarchs and kings, Moses and the law, priests and prophets, the psalms and all devotional offerings, all those by whom God hath spoken and testified, all unitedly crown JESUS.
David was first a shepherd, then a king also; that is, he was the SHEPHERD-KING. In this he was peculiar. That a ruddy lad, the humble shepherd of his father's "few sheep in the wilderness," should be raised up to the kingdom and dominion of Israel, God's own kingdom, and wear the royal crown upon the most renowned throne on earth, was an honor and power which the God of nations only could give. And unto the God of his father Abraham, the God of the everlasting covenant, who built the kingdom, did David ascribe all the excellent honor, dominion and power unto which God raised him. His songs of praise in the book of Psalms, in which he poured forth his soul in giving glory to God, and in which he personated Christ, testify that to God belonged the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever.
At the word of the Lord by Samuel his prophet, Jesse sent and called home his son David, who was keeping his flock in the wilderness, and when he came, the Lord told Samuel this shepherd-boy was his anointed, a man after his own heart, and so Samuel anointed David king over Israel, the kingdom of God. And so David was not only the shepherd of his father's flock, but the Lord God of Israel made him also the shepherd over his own flock, the whole house of Israel, the people of his covenant.
As his father's shepherd, the youthful David was strong and valiant, true and faithful. When his father sent him to the field of battle, with supplies for his older brothers, and to see how they fared and how the battle went, and David heard the defiant challenge and taunting boast of Goliath, the mighty giant, who defied the God of Israel and his army, and all Israel and Saul the king were in terror, the little David meekly, but boldly, went to the king and asked him to let him go and slay this giant enemy, and take away the reproach from the people of the living God. The king was amazed at the request of this brave boy, and feared to let him go and fight the great giant. For David was of a fair and ruddy countenance, and not a man of war, but only a keeper of sheep; yet he said to Saul, that there came a lion, and a bear, and each took a lamb out of the flock, but he slew both the lion and the bear, and delivered the lamb: "and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God. * * * The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine." Thus did David trust alone in the living God.
On the one side was the mighty hosts of the warring Philistines, led on by this great champion, Goliath, of Gath, all eager for the battle and confident of victory; on the other side was the terrorized army of Israel, when, lo, the shepherd-boy, with only his sling and staff, a shepherd's bag and in it five smooth stones of the brook as his armor, stands between his people and all the power of their destroying enemies! Both armies, who confronted each other upon opposite mountain sides, were amazed and filled with strange wonder at the scene, when they saw in the valley between them this youth fleetly running forward to meet his giant enemy, knowing that it meant either death and destruction, or life and salvation, to David and his people. The vaunting giant and all his wicked hosts despised little David, and were sure of victory over all Israel, but with the army of the living God there was great fear and alarm. They knew that their only hope of deliverance from the cruel power of their mighty and deadly enemies was in David. O should he be able to slay the giant, and gain the victory over all that dark host! Fearfully awful was the hour and event. How strangely mysterious it was, that just at that time Jesse sent his obedient son to the army, to see how all fared! It was all of God. How sublime was the trust and courage of this lovely youth, to thus fearlessly take his place alone in the valley of death, between the Lord's hosts and all the hosts of their enemies!
Let us hear his words to Goliath: "Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied. This day will the Lord deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel. And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the LORD'S, and he will give you into our hands."
All this word of the Lord by David was wonderfully fulfilled, and there was great rejoicing in Israel through conquering David, who now was not only his father's faithful shepherd, but as well the victorious captain of the armies of the Lord of hosts.
David truly personated the youthful Jesus in all this wonderful way and victorious work overall his enemies. As shepherd, he saved his father's flock from the devouring lion and bear, so that not a lamb perished; and the Lord of hosts made David strong and mighty in battle against all his enemies, and to all Israel he became the captain of their salvation.
In the dark giant Goliath and his wicked hosts, Satan and all the powers of darkness were represented; and they were too many and mighty for the fleshly king Saul and his army to stand against them. Then, O how the Lord was honored in David, when he said in the hearing of all, "And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the LORD'S." "Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, saith the LORD of hosts."
In the beginning of his work, Jesus was the Shepherd of his people, and gathered his lambs and sheep to him, and faithfully kept them and fed them. He comfortingly said to them, "Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom." David, his type, said of him, "The LORD is my Shepherd; I shall not want." "I am the good Shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine. As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep." said Jesus.
The time came when he must do this; for all the hosts of darkness were gathered to the battle against the flock of slaughter, to destroy it. So, as the father of David called him from feeding his flock, and sent him to the war, likewise did the Father of Jesus call him from personally feeding his flock, to go to the battle field, and there meet all the enemies of God in the low valley of death, where David fought and conquered, and to lay down his life for the sheep, accomplish the warfare of his people, destroy both death and the devil, obtain eternal redemption for all his brethren, and then gather all his sheep safely to his right hand, that not one of his little ones that the Father gave him should perish. And so David was a faithful type of the good Shepherd.
King David was one of the last types of the Son of God on earth, the Prophet and Priest and King of all saints. In his flesh and on his mother's side, the child Jesus was the Son of David, and the last heir to reign upon the throne of Israel, the kingdom of his father David. Therefore, it was as the renowned King in Israel that David specially personated Christ. The angel Gabriel was sent from God to announce unto the virgin Mary that she had found favor with God, and should be the mother of JESUS. "He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: and he shall reign over the house of Israel for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end."
It is good to understand the right and authority of Jesus to wear the crown and reign as King upon the throne of David. He was of the royal family of David as the Son of Mary, and was entitled to the throne of Israel by birth. And as this was his right, the Lord God, by whom kings reign, gave unto him the throne and the kingdom of his father David. His anointing and his crown were of God, therefore. And so the Lord said of Christ, when the kings of the earth tried to prevent this, "Yet have I set my King upon my holy hill of Zion." It was here that David reigned. In this kingdom of Zion Jesus reigns supreme. He will not divide his throne with another. He alone shall be exalted in this kingdom of Zion.
The annunciation of Gabriel reveals to us another truth, most blessed and glorious, saying to Mary of her Son: "He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest. * * * wherefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God." Thus the holy child Jesus, born of the lowly virgin Mary, and laid in a manger, was not only the Son of man, as he called himself, the Son of David according to the flesh, but he was equally the Son of God according to the Spirit of holiness, as declared by the resurrection of his body from the dead. Thus the Man Christ Jesus was the Son of God with power, with all power, with omnipotent power. The eternal power and Godhead and the holy Manhood united as One in JESUS. This personal name, given him by the Angel of God, expresses in its two syllables both Godhead and Manhood, because Jesus was verily both. In this fact of his personal twofold being is the source of his kingly authority, his regal power, his conquest and victory, and his almighty dominion over all creatures and things. This holy child Jesus, the child of Mary, the Son of God and the Son of David, thus obtained by inheritance, as his birthright, a more excellent name than any of the angels. For by his twofold descent, first from the King Eternal in the Spirit, then from King David in the flesh, as born of his virgin mother Mary, the holy child JESUS inherited a double crown and the only name of KING IMMORTAL, with the divine right to sit and reign upon the throne of his father David on earth, and of his Father God in heaven. That a MAN should be born unto this name supreme, a name above every other name, and should have all power above and below, is a wonder inexpressible and full of glory. Yet this was blessedly true in the Man Christ Jesus. For he had omnipotent power over all other powers, over the law and sin, death and the devil, power to fulfill and to destroy, power to lay down his life and to take it up again. No other man was ever born unto this inheritance and supreme dominion. And it is so unlike all other men, so impossible with men, that the religious world does not receive or believe that this is true of the Son of man, who is meek and lowly in heart. For if they understood and received this grandest doctrine and truth of God our Savior, they would at once cease from man, from themselves and their own efforts and works, and would know that the arm of the LORD rules for him, and that his own almighty arm brought salvation unto him for all the subjects and people of his kingdom.
The cause of this unbelief of the world is, the wise and prudent do not understand or know this mystery of godliness, that Jesus of Nazareth, the Man of the cross, is the all conquering King, reigning upon the throne of David in Zion, and upon the throne of God in heaven, and that the crown of unlimited power and omnipotent dominion is upon his head. We are all slow of heart to believe this; therefore we cannot too well consider the title that Pilate placed above the head of Christ on the cross: "THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS." Never were truer words written, though they were the accusation against him. This accusation still exists in the minds of all unbelievers, and they will not accept the truth that this Man is the KING. They may admit that he is the Prophet, and the High Priest, but it seems too great a power for a crucified Man to reign as King Supreme over heaven and earth. If they and we truly believed this, then they and we should believe that our Brother Man upon his throne needs not our help, nor the help of saints nor angels, but that he himself is both willing and able to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing that he ever liveth to make intercession for them. And both as Priest and King the Son of God says, "Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world." The Son asked this because his Father so loved him, and loved them also. As their Advocate with the Father, the Mediator thus interceded for his people, But it is as King that he speaks, saying, "All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out." In his exercise of his power as King, there is no power or being that can possibly hinder our Lord from bringing them to him and to the Father, who gave them to him, for God hath put all powers and things under the feet of Christ, and he hath conquered every foe.
Therefore, having risen from the dead, "'Jesus came and spoke unto them," (the apostles) "saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth." This is the kingly power of God's Anointed. As Samuel anointed David king with the horn of oil, showing the perpetuity of his kingdom, in his Son Jesus, so, when Christ sat down upon his throne God anointed him King with the Holy Spirit- without measure, that is, with the fullness of power. And so God said, "Yet have I set my King upon my holy hill of Zion, I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee" (from the dead). "Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel." David the king therefore said, "The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy foot stool. The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness." The Lord thus declares the power of Christ our King upon the throne of David. Of this great power to reign, Christ himself said to our God, "Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: as thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him." Since God gave his Son power over all flesh unto this end, he will certainly give eternal life to every one that the Father gave him; for neither themselves, nor the world, nor the flesh, nor the devil, can prevent him from doing his Father's will. Jesus our King therefore says of them, "I give unto them eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of my hand." "And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day." As the King upon the holy hill of Zion, and having all power, our glorified Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will do this; "For in him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily." That is, in his body or person. "I am in the Father, and the Father in me: * * * the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works."
Who, then, that at all believes in Christ as our Prophet and Priest and King, can at all doubt his power to save them to the uttermost that come to God by him? This means that he is able to save them to the farthest extent; that is, from sin and death and the grave. This faith in the Son of David, the King eternal, immortal, who is able to save to the uttermost, drives infidelity and unbelief out of the heart, drives out the doctrine of the Sadducees, who deny that there is any resurrection of the dead; for this faith in our all-conquering King triumphs over every foe, even over death and the grave, saying, "But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ." Through Christ God giveth us the the victory over both death and the grave, the last enemy.
This is the success and glory of our spiritual King David, whose kingdom is as abiding and blessed as God and heaven, and whose dominion is as universal and omnipotent as the throne of Eternal Power. Before the Son of David, our crowned King Jesus, who "Sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high," the glorified Man, all enemies, all the opposition of the haters of God and his people, all corruption, death and the grave, all these powers of darkness shall flee away forever, as darkness flees before the brightness of the sun. For there is absolutely nothing, either animate or inanimate, no power in all the universe, that can resist or stand against the power of our God and of his Christ.
King David, the type of our reigning Christ upon the throne of Zion, subdued all the power of the wicked King Saul, and all other enemies who came against him, and none of them could stand before him. He slew the bear, and the lion, which came against his father's flock; he took off the head of the giant Goliath, and delivered Israel from the great army of the Philistines. And shall not the crowned Son of David, who sits enthroned in the heavens, at whose word the dead are made alive, shall not he conquer the last enemy, and save all his people? The Almighty thus spoke of him: "I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people. I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him: with whom my hand shall be established: mine arm also shall strengthen him. * * * And I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him. * * * Also I will make him my First-born higher than the kings of the earth. My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him. His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven." This is the true and faithful word of God. Of his Son God saith, "And let all the angels of God worship him. And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits and his ministers a flame of fire. But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of thy kingdom." Therefore, Isaiah said of him, "Behold, a King shall reign in righteousness." Of his kingdom Daniel said, "And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever."
In all this divine testimony our God has graciously made known to the people of Christ's kingdom how highly he has exalted it above all worldly kingdoms, and established it for ever in righteousness and truth, power and glory. Neither sin nor unholiness, error nor falsehood, nor any wicked person nor thing, shall enter, into the kingdom in which Jesus reigns in righteousness. For as the glorious High Priest of his people and subjects, he has for ever taken away all their sins and transgressions, and he purifies and sanctifies them unto himself, that they may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness, and worship God in the beauty of holiness. Unto this exalted use and end, God chose and blessed all his beloved people in Christ, that they should be holy and without blame before him in his perfect love. They shall, therefore, be made righteous unto God in the righteous obedience of his holy Son, who takes away from them their filthy rags of unrighteousness, and adorns them with the robe of righteousness, and beautifies them with salvation. The typical King David said that no wicked person should dwell in his presence.
It is certainly very wonderful, yet blessedly true, that the sinful people of Jesus shall be all righteous, blameless and holy, even like himself. Yea, their blindness and foolishness, ignorance and weakness, shall all be taken away from them, and they shall be made wise unto salvation, and strong in the Lord and in the power of his might. Yea, too, they shall be a kingdom of priests, an holy priesthood, "The holy people, The redeemed of the Lord," to offer up unto God spiritual sacrifices, acceptable by our Lord Jesus Christ. Paul tells us how this glorious perfection is accomplished in us, saying, "But of God are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption: that, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord."
As the PROPHET of his people, Christ perfects them in wisdom; as their HIGH PRIEST, he perfects them in holiness; and as their KING, he perfects them in power. And as their Prophet-Priest-King, he will present them with himself unto his and their Father and God in eternal life and immortality and glory.
"Behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed. * * * And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him." The mouth of the Almighty hath spoken this, and his arm of power will perform it.
"God * * * hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his Person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they." As the SON of God and HEIR of all things, the Man Christ obtained the more excellent name than the angels, being born unto it as the Son of David and the Son of God, not only the Prophet and the Priest of the people of the saints of the most High, but as well their King eternal. And so we may know that, since the Son of man was born this King, and was the heir to the throne of David in Israel, and to the throne of God in glory, he hath obtained a name which is above every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come.
Now then, it is for our comfort and honor to know and trust in his name; for his is the only name whereby we must be saved; "and in his name shall the Gentiles trust." "For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this."
"Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. And in his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS."
"In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land. In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this is the name wherewith she shall be called, The LORD our righteousness. For thus saith the LORD; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel. * * * Thus saith the LORD; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season; then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he shall not have a son to reign upon his throne."
"Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name EMMANUEL, which being interpreted is God with us." Blessed name, "GOD WITH us!" "If God be for us, who can be against us?"
"And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God."
"And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength and honor; and glory, and blessing. And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honor, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever. And the four beasts said, Amen."
"And there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever. And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshiped God, saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned."
"And a voice came out of the throne, saying. Praise our God, all ye his servants, and ye that fear him, both small and great. And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth. Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honor to him."
"And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS."
Elder David Bartley
"The Christ-Man in Type