GOD greatly multiplied the children of Israel in Egypt under Joseph. until they grew exceeding mighty, and the land was filled with them. "Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph. And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land. Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. * * * But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel. And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigor: and they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigor." It is so religiously in the world until this day. Christ said of them, "For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers."
"And the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty. * * * And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive." About this time a son was born of Levite parents, and his mother hid him three months. When she could no longer hide him, she placed him in a little ark, and laid it in the flags by the river's brink. "And his sister stood afar off to see what would become of him." Then the daughter of Pharaoh went down to the river, and saw the ark. "And when she had opened it, she saw the child; and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrew's children." The little sister drew near and asked, "Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee? And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go. And the maid went and called the child's mother." The princess said to her, ."Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the woman took the child, and nursed it. And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water." This is the meaning of Moses.
Truly the way of God is very wonderful, while the ignorance and stupidity of men, even the wise, fill us with shame. Pharaoh and his court were doing all they could to hold Israel in bondage, that they might profit by the toils and woes of this enslaved people. But now they had received into the king's palace as a son a little boy, to educate him as heir to the throne of Egypt, who should overthrow the power of Egypt, and triumphantly lead his long enslaved brethren out of their cruel oppression into liberty and honor. So Pharaoh in his greed and blindness, while desperately striving to make the profitable Hebrews his slaves for ever, was really preparing the way of their freedom, but forging the chains of death for his own people. This was in the counsel or predestination of God, as he had foretold to Abraham. How truly Paul exclaimed, "O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!" Neither Satan nor his ministers and servants, ungodly and wicked men, can ever search or find them out. And so their very wrath shall praise the Lord, while they themselves deny his wisdom and defy his power.
The Lord had said unto Abraham, "Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; and also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with, great substance." The four hundred years had expired, and the time. was at hand when the Lord would fulfill this promise, and redeem the afflicted children of Abraham. In his goodness the God of the covenant had sent them down into Egypt, when they were but a few people, only three score and ten, and now in his mercy he would also lead them up out of the house of bondage, after he had greatly multiplied them into a strong nation.
Moses had grown up to manhood, and by faith in the God of Abraham he had refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter, and had fled to the land of Midian to escape the wrath of the king. He had married the daughter of the priest of Midian, Jethro, whose flocks he was feeding, and had led them back to the foot of mount Horeb. There the Lord appeared to him in a burning bush, which was all on fire, yet was not burned. "In the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee," said our Lord Jesus. "And the Lord said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows; and I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey. * * * Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt. * * * Certainly I will be with thee; and this shall be a token unto thee, that I have sent thee: When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain."
All this was faithfully' fulfilled, just as the Lord said to Moses, and had promised to Abraham. How truly all this applies to the bondage and affliction of the Lord's covenant people in spiritual Egypt, and his delivering them out from it, and bringing them into the good land of gospel Canaan!
All admit that the Lord came down to do this for his people, and to bring salvation to them. Well, then, Did he faithfully perform the glorious work of deliverance, according to his word to Moses, and to Jesus? To dispute this would make God a liar. But the Scripture says, "Let God be true, but every man a liar." "It is impossible for God to lie." Pharaoh and all the powers and hosts of Egypt were determined not to let Israel go up out of Egypt; but how vain it was for them to measure arms with the Almighty, or to fight against God, as we shall see. And as the salvation of the Lord's people from Egyptian bondage was complete under Moses, so likewise shall Jesus save his people from their sins, and deliver them from this present evil world. The world, the flesh and the devil, death and the grave, cannot hinder nor prevent it, no more than they can hasten it or help in it. "Salvation is of the Lord." He said, "I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought' salvation unto me." This is the salvation of his people.
"Then the Lord said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land. And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the LORD: and I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them. And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers. And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant. Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments: and I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, and I will give it you for an heritage: I am the LORD."
This is the word of God to his people Israel by Moses. Thus Moses was the mediator between God and his people in that first covenant. Moses was also the prophet of God unto them; for the Lord revealed his will and truth to Moses, and made him the divine teacher of his people and brethren. In all this the God of Abraham raised up the meek man Moses to be another remarkable representative of his Son under the law, the anti-type of Moses, the Mediator of his people in the new covenant, and the Prophet to teach all his brethren, the children of God, the good pleasure of the will of God concerning them, and to give them the knowledge of their salvation, God thus honored Moses above all his brethren, and made him a faithful leader of his people, and a worthy and noble type of the Prophet like unto Moses, whom God would raise up of their brethren, the Mediator of the better covenant. Moses testified of Jesus and said, "The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; according to all that thou desiredst of the LORD thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not. And the LORD said unto me, They have well spoken that which they have spoken. I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him."
The rich mercy of God is expressed in his words, "They have well spoken. * * * I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren." This was Jesus, "the Prophet of Nazareth." For the law given upon Sinai by Moses filled them with terror and condemned them, because of their sins; therefore God in his mercy would raise them up that other Prophet, who should make them wise unto salvation, and as their Mediator he had the power to fulfill the covenant and the law for them and to make them righteous unto God. Moses could not do this, though he was truly a mighty prophet of God unto Israel his people, and God wrought a great deliverance for them by his faithful servant Moses, in leading them up out of Egypt, and into the promised land. In this Moses testified of Christ, pointed to him and personated him in type.
To see how blessedly God favored Moses as his special prophet to his people, read all the wonderful words of instruction and revelations of his will which God gave to him, from the time he spoke to him out of the burning bush, until he led him up to mount Nebo, to behold the beautiful land across the Jordan, and die. Moses faithfully recorded all those words which God spoke to him, as face to face, and made them known to his brethren. Verily they are wonderful words, full of divine majesty, wisdom and power, declaring the truth of God and his glorious work. No other sinful man did the holy God ever take into such near and sacred and full communion with himself, and talk with him as friend to friend, as he did Moses. To no other prophet, except the Teacher come from God, did he ever make so full and large a revelation of his wonderful purpose, will and power. Why, for twice forty days, at God's holy call, Moses stood in his very presence upon the top of Sinai, and heard all his solemn words concerning his worship, and the law, and the priesthood, and the people. Thus he was God's law-giver to his people, as well as their prophet and mediator; yea, and their leader, too.
Now in all this, God verily made Moses great and mighty. The mighty works and miracles and blessings which he wrought by the meek Moses were very many and wonderful. In all the way God was with him, and Moses manifested forth the justice and mercy, power and glory of God. Once only did Moses fail to ascribe the power to God, and spoke unadvisedly with his lips, being greatly provoked by the murmurings of the children of Israel. For this one weakness of the flesh and transgression, he could not enter into the promised inheritance, which he so much desired to do. But this also was in the wisdom of God, and it was part of his way.
Let us consider it: In all the wonderful things which God did by Moses for his people Israel, a few of which have been mentioned, he was a great type of the Son of God as a Man upon the earth, "who was made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law." To finish this work, Jesus must be put to death in the flesh and die under the law, before he could rise up from under the law, and raise his people up with him, in the power of an endless life, and enter into his gospel kingdom, which is not legal, but spiritual. Now the inheritance of Canaan was a type of the militant gospel kingdom, which is under the new covenant of mercy and grace. But Moses was the mediator and leader of the people of God under the law, the old covenant, and its penalty was death. It was not possible, therefore, for Moses to cross Jordan and enter into Canaan, because they which are of the law cannot be heirs of the inheritance which God gave to Abraham by promise, and which is of grace, and not by the works of the law. Moses was the very embodiment of the law, even as Jesus was also its very fulfillment and end. And so, as Moses could not enter into Canaan because of his sin, but die upon the mount of vision, having been shown the good land by the Lord, neither could his glorious Antitype enter into his Father's promised inheritance in the kingdom of grace and glory in the days of his flesh. but must first die under the law, as did Moses. And, O sorrowful to tell! like Moses, Jesus died because sin was found upon him. "The wages of sin is death." The brethren of Moses provoked him to sin; and so God made Christ, who knew no sin, to be sin for us, and he died for our sins, - not that he sinned, - for he was spotless and holy in his person and life. And so Moses was a true figure of Jesus.
The Lord said to Moses: "Thou shalt speak all that I command thee: and Aaron thy brother shall speak unto Pharaoh, that he send the children of Israel out of his land. And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt. But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay my hand upon Egypt, and bring forth mine armies, and my people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments. And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD. when I stretch forth my hand upon Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from among them." The Lord did according to all these words by Moses. He sent upon the whole land of Egypt, except the land of Goshen, wherein the children of Israel dwelt, ten plagues, the most fearful, in alarming succession, removing each at the entreaty of Pharaoh, to follow it with the next, his heart being hardened in each case, after the Lord had removed the judgment. First, all their rivers and waters in the land became blood, followed by frogs everywhere - lice - flies - murrain - boils - hail with thunder and fire - locusts - darkness - death. All these were the righteous judgments of God upon the Egyptians; for they had long and with wicked cruelty oppressed his people, who had so well served them. The first merited plague was blood, and the last was death. All were only enough to subdue, soften and abase the haughty monarch of dark Egypt and his people, who strove desperately to resist and defy all the power and judgments of JEHOVAH. So the Lord sent his plagues upon the waters, the cattle and other idols which they worshiped; for some of those ten plagues were gods of the Egyptians. So the Lord made their own idols a frightful curse to them and a loathing. He showed them that their gods were as powerless as themselves to save them, and that nothing could stand against his almighty power.
All those visitations of the righteous judgments of God against wickedness, idolatry and oppression were needed by the enslaved children of Israel themselves, both to cure them of idolatry and make them know the power of their God to deliver and save them. Yea, the Lord would make them willing and glad to go out of Egypt, where they had dwelt all their lives. When the Lord began this mighty work, and their taskmasters increased their heavy burdens, they were so hopeless and wretched that they plead with Moses and Aaron to let them alone, for their case was worse than before. So it is always with the Lord's enslaved people, when he comes to deliver them, that they may worship and serve him; for every step of the Lord's way seems against them, and in their extremity they complain, groan and cry at the dealings of the Lord with them. But the Lord perfectly knew them and the depths of their degradation under the dark power of Egypt; and he as well knew how to lift them up, cure them and deliver them. No arm but his could do this, and his wisdom, power and love would do all things well and bring them rest.
All this mercy was out of their sight, however, and the way had indeed become fearfully dark in Egypt. Thus it always is in the experience of the children of God, when he comes to save them. Joseph thus dealt severely with his brethren, not for their destruction, but for the destruction of their sins, and it was in wisdom and love. The Lord makes no mistakes, and never falters in his work, because it is a good work, and he performs it.
"And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me. For I wilt at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like me in all the earth. For now I will stretch out my hand that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth. And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth. As yet thou exaltest thyself against my people, that thou wilt not let them go?" The Lord here tells why he raised up Pharaoh, and also why he would send all his plagues upon him, because he exalted himself against God, and would not let his people go, that they might serve him, but no longer serve this wicked monarch. Pharaoh and Egypt represented the rulers of the powers of darkness of this world, and spiritual wickedness in high places. Their whole combined effort is to exalt themselves against the power and reign of God, and to bind burdens upon his people, that they should not go free and serve him. Therefore, God raised up Pharaoh, sent upon him his great plagues because of his cruel opposition to God, made him an example in all the world of the majesty of God's irresistible power and eternal Godhead, that his name might be declared throughout all the earth. The Lord did all this for the good of his own people, that they might know his power and trust in him.
The Lord sent the last plague upon Egypt the night of death. That night all the children of Israel ate the first passover, the slain lamb, as the Lord appointed. This they were to keep when they came into the land of promise. And when their children should ask them, "What mean ye by this service? that ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD'S passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses."
"And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the first-born in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the first-born of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the first-born of cattle. * * * It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in all their generations."
We have seen the first passover; let us go to the last one: Jesus the holy Son of God and his twelve apostles were gathered at night in an upper room in Jerusalem: "And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer: for I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God." The next day he was crucified. To the church Paul says, "For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us." Therefore the passover, the sacrificial lamb, typified the Lamb of God, and when he was sacrificed, the passover was fulfilled in the kingdom of God. The faith of Moses embraced this blessed meaning of the passover; for the Scripture says of him, "Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the first-born should touch them." His faith was in the promised Messiah, the Christ, "who is the author and finisher of our faith." When Abel offered the firstling of his flock in sacrifice to God, his faith likewise embraced the Lamb of God, and so we read, "By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh." And he speaketh of the only sacrifice that could take away our sins and make us righteous unto God, even Christ our passover. And in this faith John the Baptist pointed to Jesus and said, "Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world."
How great was the deliverance the Lord wrought for his people in Egypt that night when they kept the passover! And O how much more wonderful and glorious was the salvation of all his people in all ages that solemn night when Christ kept the last Passover with his disciples, and then fulfilled it in the kingdom of God by offering up himself without spot unto God!! O bleeding Lamb of God! thou, thou alone, hast saved us from the destroying angel. Thy blood speaketh better things than the blood of innocent lambs. They could only point Moses and all the worshipers of God to thee. And by faith we look unto thee, our precious Redeemer.
O how deeply touching and wonderful it is that Moses fulfilled the first passover, and Jesus fulfilled the last one! How sacredly near to Jesus it brought Moses! Moses knew by faith that this great salvation of the children of Israel which God wrought by him was only the type and pledge, that God would fulfill his promise to Abraham, and send his Son to lead his enslaved children out of the worst affliction and bondage into the glorious liberty of the sons of God. That we may see how blessedly near Moses was to the Lord of glory, Luke says of his transfiguration, "And, behold, there talked with him two men, which were Moses and Elias: who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem." For both Moses in the law and the prophets of God had testified and proved that the Redeemer, who should come to Zion and deliver his people, should die.
When Christ had accomplished the redemption of his people through suffering and death, and was risen from the dead, he came to his sorrowing disciples and said unto them, "These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses and in the prophets, and in the Psalms, concerning me. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the Scriptures, and said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behooved Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day."
That the children of Israel should not perish with the Egyptians, the Lord gave them Moses and the passover, a lamb with unleavened bread, of which they should all eat, and the blood of the lamb should be sprinkled upon the doors of all their houses, and they should all be shut in their houses that night of death. It was the blood of atonement, and the bread of life, the flesh and blood of the Son of man, to the people of the covenant. It was God's ordained way of deliverance for his people. God appointed Moses and Aaron, the passover and the offerings for sin under the law, as "shadows of good things to come; but the body is of Christ."
"And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand. But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea. * * * And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid; and the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD: And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt? Is not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness. And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to-day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to-day, ye shall see them again no more forever. The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace."
This experience of the children of Israel, and their lamentations in their great fear and distress, is truly the personal experience of all the Lord's people, before he delivers them from the fear of death. They are made to stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, and that it is his holy arm alone that saves them. They then give him all the praise and glory.
"Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore. And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians. And the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD, and his servant Moses. Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spake, saying, I will sing unto the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider he hath thrown into the sea. The LORD is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation; he is my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father's God, and I will exalt him. The LORD is a man of war; the LORD is his name. * * * Thy right hand, O LORD, is become glorious in power; thy right hand, O LORD, hath dashed in pieces the enemy. And in the greatness of thine excellency thou hast overthrown them that rose up against thee. * * * Thou in thy mercy hast led forts the people which thou hast redeemed; thou hast guided them in thy strength unto thy holy habitation. * * * Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of thine inheritance, in the place, O LORD, which thou hast made for thee to dwell in, in the Sanctuary, O LORD, which thy hands have established. The LORD shall reign for ever and ever."
This song of salvation is rich in gospel truth and comfort, and it blessedly sets forth the glorious reign of our Lord Jesus Christ in delivering his people from the power of all their enemies, who would destroy them. It was truly a great salvation to the people of Israel under Moses, and in it the Lord alone was glorified. In this great deliverance at the Red sea the truth of God is wondrously shown, that his omnipotent power alone saves his people. For they were shut in between the sea and the mighty army of Pharaoh, either of which would swallow them up in destruction. The children of Israel were in themselves powerless, and painfully did they realize it. This was the Lord's way, both to teach them and to save them. This is equally true in our experience of salvation, and it is so fulfilled in all who shall be the heirs of salvation. For the Lord our God is one, and his people are one in him, and his salvation of them is one. The Lord of life and glory says, "I am the Way." There is no other way. His saved people must know this, so that they may give him the glory due to his holy name. They must, therefore, come to the end of their own strength or self-reliance, and know that their own arm cannot help them. This is a bitter experience, and it brings them to confront fearful destruction and death, so that they cry to the Lord in great alarm. Yet the Lord himself has brought them into this place, and he alone will lead them out and save them. They will then sing and shout praises to him, and say, "Sing ye to the LORD, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea."
O how merciful is this relief, and how happy this change in the experience of the saved! For it is in very deed the experience of salvation from the power of darkness, and from death. These destructive powers were represented by the wicked king of Egypt (king of darkness) and his hosts, and by the Red sea. The Lord brought up out of the sea all the people of his covenant, the children of his promise, but he caused the waters to go over all their pursuing enemies and swallow them up. To his people he is merciful; to his foes he is just. He freely forgives sin, and keeps mercy for thousands; yet he will by no means clear the guilty.
Paul speaks to us of this typical people and their salvation, thus: "Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; and were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; and did all eat the same spiritual meat: and did all drink the same spiritual drink; for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ." It was Christ in type. Moses smote the rock with the rod, and the waters flowed out, that the people should drink and live. And so Christ was smitten by Moses or the law, the sword of Justice, and from his wounded side there flows out living waters to all who thirst for righteousness. And his blessed word of promise is, "I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely." "Whosoever drinketh of the water that I Shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life."
The baptism of all Israel unto Moses in the sea was deeply solemn in its meaning, for it represented deliverance from death. Thus it was a type or symbol of the baptism of all God's new covenant people unto Christ into and out of death. "Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?" But, blessed be God! as all Israel went up out of the Red sea with Moses, so truly shall all Israel go up out of death with Jesus. Those were the brethren of Moses, and these are the brethren of Jesus. Baptism is a divine earnest and assurance, that all who be dead with Christ, shall also live with him. The same God that brought up Moses and all his people out of Egypt and out of the sea, and who raised up Jesus our Lord from under the law and out of death, will just as surely raise up us also by Christ, with all his people, out of death, in the perfect likeness of his risen body. Moses, and the work of God by him, testify of Christ, and of this full salvation of all his people by him. All the dark powers of Pharaoh and Satan, of Egypt and the world, of sin and death, cannot hinder it. For the Lord hath triumphed gloriously. "The LORD shall reign for ever and ever." This is "the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb."
We have now followed Moses, the great leader of God's people, unto Christ the Lamb of God. "Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster." So we must now look unto Jesus.
In taking our leave of Moses we should remember that, not only in Egypt, but all the way between the Red sea and the Jordan, he was with his people, both to teach them and lead them. He led them to mount Horeb, where the Lord first appeared to him in the bush that was all on fire, and there he worshiped God. And there the Lord gave him the law upon mount Sinai, written with the finger of God upon two tables of stone. It was this law that the Son of God was made under. He said, that he came, not to destroy the law or the prophets, but to fulfill them, and that not a jot or tittle of the law should pass away until all was fulfilled. In the person of Moses God gave to his people the righteous law, which is spiritual and just, holy and good; and in the person of Christ he fulfilled the law for his people, or filled it full of righteous obedience. Thus Moses and the law were magnified and made honorable, satisfied and finished, in Christ. "For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth." He is this to Moses and the people of the law covenant, as well as to Paul and the people of the gospel covenant.
In all this way of tribulation from Egypt to the border of the promised inheritance Moses was a wonderful type of the Man Christ Jesus, the one Mediator of the new covenant. To complete the type of the Son of man in the flesh, it remained only for the meek Moses to die. This was sorrowful to him and all his people; yet he was submissive and obedient to the will of God. The Lord commanded his servant Moses to go up into mount Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, over against Jericho, and behold all the land of Canaan, which the Lord showed to him. "And the LORD said unto him: This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy seed: I have caused thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over thither. So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD. * * * And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated." This is true of the law of Moses.
"And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face, in all the signs and wonders which the LORD sent him to do in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to all his land, and in all that mighty hand, and in all the great terror which Moses shewed in the sight of all Israel."
Elder David Bartley
"The Christ-Man in Type