I realize that Elder Tharp is no longer with us and cannot answer any of these questions. These comments and questions are not meant to refute anything that Elder Tharp has stated, they are simply posted for you the reader to think on and ponder.
All the way through these chapters Elder Tharp makes many statements that the resurrection of the body is clearly stated in the Scriptures, from Job, from Jesus and from the Apostles.
My comments: In all the verses that Elder Tharp quotes from, not one of them says “resurrection of the body”. He mentions the “resurrection of the just”. Is he saying that our flesh is just? or that this body of ours is just? Elder Tharp is adamant in chapter one that it is the “identical” body that is raised and yet in the later chapters he is constantly mentioning a change. If there is a “change” then it is no longer identical. Elder Tharp defines “resurrection” as a ‘coming up out of death.’ And yet he also mentions Enoch and Elijah and all those that will be caught up with Christ at His coming and refers them and equals them to the resurrection even though none of them saw death. By his definition of the word “resurrection” I see an inconsistency. He uses Christ’s resurrected body which he claims was a material body and an identical body as an example of our resurrection. Was Christ’s resurrected body exactly the same as when it went into the grave? Why did Mary not recognize Him at the tomb until He revealed Himself? Why did the two on the path not recognize Him? Why did the disciples who were out fishing on the boat not recognize Him? How could He have passed through the locked doors when He appeared to them?
In Chapter two, Elder Tharp says in paragraph 4: “.whatever is done for the flesh of Jesus, is done for the flesh of David; for our resurrection depends on his resurrection; and David’s faith embraced his resurrection in Christ, even in his very likeness.”
My comments: I agree with his statement “for our resurrection depends on his resurrection”. But to me the rest of it is a very bold statement. If we take this statement to its logical conclusion then everything that happened to Jesus had to have happened to David as well as all believers. Jesus was only in the grave 3 days and 3 nights, was seen by His disciples and 500 believers in his resurrected state and then was raised before all to see. Did this happen to David? Does this happen to all believers?
In the second to last paragraph of chapter 4, Elder Tharp makes this comment: “Will Christ cast away his members? “No man ever yet hated his own flesh.” Will Jesus hate the members of his body?”
My comments: Is he saying here that our fleshly bodies are part of the body of Christ? If he is, then is not the body of Christ incomplete in heaven until all of His children’s fleshly, material bodies are resurrected?
What he has not said in any of the chapters is that nowhere in scripture do you find the saying “resurrection of the body.” He says nothing about the distinction that Scriptures makes between the spiritual body and the physical body (see John 3:6 and 1 Cor. 15:44). And he makes no mention of the promise that God spoke to Adam in the book of Genesis: “In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.” (3:19)
Again, these comments are here as just food for thought and hopefully spur you on to some further investigation and seeking.